Improper dumping of refuse simply means incessant dumping of refuse in an environment. Refuse without being properly disposed of, often causes damage to the environment and ultimately to the human body system.
According to a public health physician, Prof. Akin Oshibogun, improperly disposed refuse has both direct and indirect effects.
The direct health effects arise from excessive breeding of Vermin and agents of disease such as rats, flies and mosquitoes. Rats are known to transmit diseases such as Leptospirosis, lassa fever, salmonellosis, and plaque, he said.
Oshibogun noted that flies are implicated in transmission of diarrhoeal disease such as shigellosis, while mosquitoes are well known for transmission of malaria.
Apart from infectious disease, improper disposal of refuse will also result to Leachate and contamination of ground water and this can result in poisoning of bore holes. He explains that Leachate is the liquid that forms as water trickles through contaminated areas. It is a very harmful mixture of chemicals that may result in hazardous substances entering surface water, groundwater or the soil.
The improperly disposed refuse also causes injuries, for example, from broken bottles, rusted metal objects etc, resulting in cuts and slippery constituents which would result in falls. Refuse also generates methane gas which is highly inflammable and therefore improperly disposed refuse is also a fire hazard.
Aniebiet S. Udoh
A Student of Federal Polytechnic
Mubi, Adamawa State.